Ridinger’s Marten Pendants
– the one of them as
Model for the “Blue Rider” Franz Marc –
Johann Elias Ridinger (Ulm 1698 – Augsburg 1767). Beech Marten / Pine Marten. Two sneaking on rocks + In the tree a young one whom mammy brings a bird. Pendants. Original printing plates in reverse. (1740.) Inscribed: J. E. Ridinger inv. fec. et exc. A. V. + J. E. R. fec. resp., otherwise in German as before. 18.7-18.8 x 15-15.3 cm.
Sheet 85 + 86 (Thienemann + Schwarz 475 + 476) of the instructive set Design of Several Animals, How such are drawn from Life after their Different Nature, Actions and Passions ( “These plates are much wanted and frequently copied”, Th. 1856). – With the numbers “85” and “86” resp. as changed for the new edition by Engelbrecht/Herzberg at Augsburg of c. 1824/25 and as documented by Thienemann per brackets, too.
But regarding the pine marten
thematically set in context here for the first time
to Franz Marc’s painting “Playing Weasels”
of 1911, Hoberg-Jansen 144 with illustration.
As inspired by Ridinger known hitherto only Marc’s woodcut “Riding School after Ridinger” of 1913 (Lankheit 839) as detail interpretation of the background figure of the mounted rider of the third sheet, Th. 608, of the 1722 Riding School annotated by literature with
“ Illuminating that Marc with his quite intimate knowledge of art history
turns to just these masters of the presentation of the horse
(Delacroix and Ridinger) of the 19th and 18th centuries resp. as models ”
(Christian von Holst, Franz Marc – Pferde, 2003, pp. 166 ff. within [‘… the Hoofbeats of my Horses’]).
For already his painting “Playing Weasels” from 1911, preceded 1909/10 by the lithograph of the same name, betrays the knowledge of several Ridinger coppers from entirely different sets. Marc shows two weasels, of which the one in the tree, bowed over a bough, looks down upon the one sitting in raised attitude on the ground. The trees besides of an eccentricity which he uses in this ostensible density in the painted œuvre only in the two “Acts below Trees”, H.-J. 143, of the same year. For the thematic initial spark Ridinger’s “The Weasels”, Th. 479, as sheet 89 of the set here stands. Here, too, two of them playing, yet both on the ground in an utterly different context. The latter Marc split up.
And took the attitude of the two animals from the pine martens here
(also available here in fine later coloring). The young one of which hangs across a bough of equally low height as with Marc and looks down at the mother standing on the hind paws against the trunk luring with a captured bird. “Playing Squirrels” as sheet 88 (Th. 478) shows the same situation, only with the difference of a further one in the tree, too, but keeping a little aloof and not involved in the play. Yet the bizarre tree – and as such also Sälzle characterizes it expressly in the 1980 facsimile edition of the preparatory drawings for the following suite – as rather rarer for Ridinger, too, he took from sheet 19 of the concurrent suite of the “Representation of the Fair Game with the Respective Tracks and Traces”, the “Trace of a Marten / Trace of the Weasel” (Th. 181) with the same attitude of the marten in the tree and the, however, neutrally shown weasel on the ground.
Thus Marc designed his “Playing Weasels” just so by means of divers Ridinger references as the latter on his part composed his “Amusement of the Shepherds” after Watteau, Th.-Stillfried 1397, from four models of the Frenchman. That finally also the more typical trees of Ridinger’s were not unfamiliar to Marc, the right group of trees of his painterly forest interior “The Würm at Pipping” from 1902/03, H.-J. 15 with ills., demonstrates. But also the par force scenery on the watercolor “Ried Castle” from 1914 – Holst, ills. 11, p. 29 – stands for a further example of Marc’s occupation with Ridinger,
which in this plurality has been missed till now .
Offer no. 15,007 / price on application
– – – Beech Martens in an impression of the 1st edition with the number “85”. – Colored by later hand in attractive fitting palette as quite unusual for original impressions. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 15,750 / price on application
– – – Pine Martens in an impression of the 1st edition with the number “86”. – Colored by later hand in attractive fitting palette as quite unusual for original impressions. – See the complete description.
Offer no. 15,769 / price on application